FFmpeg - the core command app of open source transcoder

  • free and available as command line software for windows, mac, linux
  • input video format: 3GP, AVI, FLV, Matroska, MP4, MPEG-PS, Ogg, QuickTime, SVCD, TS, TOD, VCD, WMV
  • output video format: 3GP, AVI, Blu-ray, DVD, FLV, MKV, MP4, MPEG-PS, Ogg, mov, super VCD, TS, VCD, Webm, WMV

Common Convertion

  • disable ffmpeg feedback by adding in 1st flag
    ffmpeg -hide_banner -loglevel panic -i test.jpg test.png
  • MTS 50i interlaced video to progress video 50p (ref: link)
    ffmpeg -i in.MTS -vf yadif=1 -acodec ac3 -ab 192k -vcodec mpeg4 -f mp4 -y -qscale 0 out.mp4
  • image sequence to mp4 in cmd (25fps, FHD size, pic.0001.png naming, H264, quality 15-25)
    ffmpeg -r 25 -f image2 -s 1920x1080 -i pic.%04d.png -vcodec libx264 -crf 25  -pix_fmt yuv420p test.mp4
  • image sequence to MOV with start frame detection (e.g h264 mov, prores 422)
    • h264 mov
      import os,glob,shlex,subprocess
      imgSeqPath = 'D:/ExamplePathRoot/ExampleName/ExampleVersion/example.%04d.exr' # 0001 format image names
      movPath = 'D:/OutputMov/ExampleName/'
      file_list = glob.glob( os.path.join(os.path.dirname(imgSeqPath), re.sub('\.?%0\d+d$', '*', base) + ext ))
      if len(file_list) == 0:
      prefix, ext = os.path.splitext(os.path.basename(file_list[0]))
      start_number = re.findall('\d+$', prefix)[0]
      enc = 'D:/toolPath/ffmpeg.exe -y -r 24 -start_number {0} -i "{1}" -an -vcodec libx264 -preset slow -crf 22 -threads 0 "{2}"'.format(start_number, imgSeqPath, movPath)
      subprocess.Popen(shlex.split(enc), stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE)
    • proRes422
      # profile: 0 proxy, 1 LT, 2 SQ, 3 HQ
      # pix format: yuv422p10le , for 444, use yuva444p10le
      # -qscale:v 11: best 0-32 worst
      # ref:
      enc = 'D:/toolPath/ffmpeg.exe -y -r 24 -start_number %s -i "%s" -an -c:v prores_ks -profile:v 2 -pix_fmt yuv422p10le -vendor ap10 "%s"' % (start_number, imgSeqPath, movPath)
  • image conversion and resize (width 320px)
    ffmpeg -i input.jpg -vf scale=320:-1 output_320.png
  • convert mov with alpha to webm with alpha
    ffmpeg.exe -i -c:v libvpx-vp9 -pix_fmt yuva420p -b:v 2000k out.webm
  • convert mpg to mov h264
    ffmpeg.exe -i "d:\out\me.mpg" -c:v libx264 -c:a libfaac -crf 20 -preset:v veryslow "d:\out\"
  • copy portion of video
    # about -ss before -i and after -i  difference, which can make cut video works or not works
    # ref:
    ffmpeg.exe -i video.mp4 -c copy -ss 00:00:09 -to 00:00:21 video_cut.mp4
    # -ss in front means: start time (from 9s), duration time (21s)
    ffmpeg.exe -ss 00:00:09 -i video.mp4 -c copy -to 00:00:21 video_cut.mp4
  • combine list of videos into 1 video
  • gif maker
    ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vf "fps=10,scale=640:-1:flags=lanczos,split[s0][s1];[s0]palettegen[p];[s1][p]paletteuse" -loop 0 output.gif
  • 2×2 stack
    ffmpeg -i input0.mp4 -i input1.mp4 -i input2.mp4 -i input3.mp4 -filter_complex "[0:v][1:v]hstack=inputs=2[top]; [2:v][3:v]hstack=inputs=2[bottom]; [top][bottom]vstack=inputs=2[v]" -map "[v]" finalOutput.mp4
  • image to square size (like convert image to texture size format)
    ffmpeg -i image.jpg -vf "scale=1024:1024:force_original_aspect_ratio=decrease,pad=1024:1024:-1:-1:color=white" -q:v 1 tex_image.jpg
    # longest side, so basically original size with padding to square
    ffmpeg -i image.jpg -vf "scale=max(iw\,ih):max(iw\,ih):force_original_aspect_ratio=decrease,pad=max(iw\,ih):max(iw\,ih):-1:-1:color=white" -q:v 1 tex_image.jpg
  • appwiki/ffmpeg.txt
  • Last modified: 2021/12/08 20:16
  • by ying